Internship Guidelines

Practicum Guidelines and Procedures

 

SMSU Policy – Internship/Professional Practicum Policy
Code: A-008
Date: April 29, 1977
Approved: Catherine Tisinger
Revised: January 29, 2007
Approved: David C. Danahar
Revised: April 20, 2015
Approved: Connie J. Gores

SOUTHWEST MINNESOTA STATE UNIVERSITY
INTERNSHIP/PROFESSIONAL PRACTICUM POLICY

An Internship/Professional Practicum is a credit-generating educational experience, in which the student applies skills and knowledge from the classroom in a supervised setting.

1.     Each Department/Program shall determine and maintain written guidelines, procedures (including assessments) and any required forms for their Internship/Professional Practicum program(s). These will be available in the respective Department office.

2.    Each Department shall post the written Internship/Professional Practicum guidelines and procedures on the Department website. Copies shall be provided to the Internship supervisor(s)/employer.

3.    General Internship/Professional Practicum Parameters: Typically Internships are at least 1 credit hour to a maximum of 12 credit hours. Exceptions to these guidelines will be considered through the curricular process. Refer to Policy A-049: Credit Hour Assignment.

4.    Internship/Professional Practicum guidelines and procedures shall be reviewed at least every five years as part of Program Reviews.

5.    Internship/Professional Practicum sites must be informed in writing that all internships are to be conducted in accordance with Title IX with regard to discrimination against any person on the basis on age, sex, race, or creed.

Liability coverage: The Minnesota Attorney General’s Office advises all students on internship to purchase their own professional liability insurance or receive a written certificate of coverage from the intern’s employer stating that coverage is being provided by the employer.

Qualifications of Preceptor
1.  Current licensure as a registered nurse in state where clinical will be completed.
2.  A minimum of 3 years of experience as a registered nurse preferred.
3.  A baccalaureate or higher degree in nursing.

Preceptorships
A preceptor is a health care professional who is recognized as a clinical expert in his/her field. This individual voluntarily assumes the role of teacher, supervisor, facilitator, role model, and evaluator for a selected BSN nursing student studying a nursing role that is different from the one in which he or she is currently employed.  The student and preceptor enter into a contractual agreement that further defines the boundaries and objectives of this preceptorships.  Students will have a current CPR certification, unencumbered RN License, a Background Study, and Health History form with current immunizations on file prior to being placed in the preceptorship.

A preceptor is a BSN nurse employed in a clinical setting who serves as a role model and clinical resource person, for a specific period of time, to an individual enrolled in an approved nursing education program.  The preceptor has four fundamental roles, as described below.  

1. Role Model - As a role model, the clinical preceptor demonstrates effective leadership and interpersonal skills, is clinically competent, is skilled in the use of the nursing process, and demonstrates the ability to engage the critical thinking process in both routine and complex nursing situations.  Decision-making by the clinical preceptor is based on scientific and behavioral principles.  The preceptor, as a role model, demonstrates application of evidence based practice skills. Clinical expertise also includes patient teaching, knowledge and use of resources, and expertise in both basic and advanced nursing skills.

2. Educator - As an educator, the clinical preceptor must be familiar with principles of adult learning.  Integration of these principles into the educational process helps meet the needs of the learner.  The clinical preceptor, clinical course coordinator, and student will collaborate to design experiences to meet individual learning objectives and the course learning outcomes listed in the syllabus. Ideally, the clinical assignments should reflect the content of the course at that point in time.  The preceptor also shares expertise and experience with the nursing student, develops the student’s abilities and confidence, encourages the student to reflect on the learning experiences, and encourages questions and discussion.

3. Facilitator - As a facilitator, the clinical preceptor is in a supportive role.  The clinical preceptor provides support by creating an environment to facilitate a sense of psychological safety, removing obstacles so that learning opportunities are enhanced, and helping the student integrate into the work setting.  The student is guided toward self-direction using the strategies of collaborative goal setting. The clinical preceptor facilitates the social and professional transition of the student into the role of the professional nurse.
4. Evaluator - As an evaluator, the clinical preceptor is to provide formal and informal feedback to the learner that is objective and based on achievement of course learning outcomes.  The clinical preceptor participates in the evaluation process, providing feedback which motivates learning by validating that the student is achieving the expected outcomes or by identifying additional needed knowledge or skills.  Progress in the achievement of learning objectives and outcomes is reviewed periodically with the student.  Post-conferences should be held after each clinical session to help the student evaluate the experience and progress toward course outcomes and individual learning objectives.  Evaluation conferences are arranged in the middle and end of the clinical experience.  The student, preceptor, and clinical coordinator will confer at mid-term (formative evaluation) and at the end of the semester (summative evaluation) to discuss the student’s clinical performance and assess progress toward meeting the objectives and learning outcomes.  Together the preceptor and student must complete the evaluation form prior to the formative and summative evaluation conferences. The forms will be maintained in the student’s academic file until the time of graduation.  The summative evaluation, at the time it is completed by the preceptor and student, should be printed or saved for the student to include in his/her completion portfolio.  All clinical forms must be submitted on or before the due date set by the course instructor.  The clinical preceptor may make written recommendations for future learning experiences, and will be asked to voluntarily evaluate the preceptor experience.

Course Description
Student will work with faculty to establish individualized objectives for the practicum experience, locate qualified preceptors, and establish a plan and facility contract.
Student Learning Objectives
1.    Effectively communicates with nursing leaders and community health nurses in the area.
2.    Works responsibly and demonstrates leadership in nursing.   

Course Description
 Precepted clinical course provides students with an opportunity to mature into the baccalaureate nursing role in a leadership and public/community health setting.  Students will meet individualized objectives established in the practicum seminar course.  Prerequisite: NURS 410 Practicum Seminar
Student Learning Objectives
1.    Demonstrate caring behaviors with a focus on the value of autonomy by respecting the patient’s right to self-determination.
2.    Demonstrate competence in critical thinking, communication, assessment, and technical skills with population based clients and in nursing leadership roles.
3.    Perform developmentally appropriate public health interventions including health teaching, screening, referral, and follow-up
4.    Adapt management/leadership skills to meet the needs of the population served in the preceptorship experience.

This agreement for the purpose of providing an acceptable learning environment for the education of a Southwest Minnesota State University nursing student enrolled in NURS 450 Clinical Practicum course. The learning agreement is mutually beneficial and is therefore agreed to by Southwest Minnesota State  University Department of Nursing faculty, the Nurse Preceptor, and the student.

This AGREEMENT entered into as of ________________, 20___ by and between Department of Nursing at Southwest Minnesota State University, Marshall, MN.


STUDENT

Name and Title ________________________________________________________________
Address_______________________________________________________________________
City, State, Zip _________________________________________________________________
Telephone_____________________________________________________________________                      
Email_________________________________________________________________________

STUDENT SIGNATURE_______________________________________Date_______________________


PRECEPTOR

Name, Title, and Clinical Site____________________________________________________
Address_______________________________________________________________________
City, State, Zip_________________________________________________________________
Telephone_____________________________________________________________________
Email ________________________________________________________________________

I have received the Preceptor Handbook and understand it is my responsibility to read and be responsible for the contents of the Preceptor Handbook and understand its contents.    

       No              Yes     (Circle One)

All practicum experiences are to be conducted in accordance with Title IX with regard to discrimination against any person on the basis on age, sex, race, or creed.

PRECEPTOR SIGNATURE________________________________________Date______________________


SECOND PRECEPTOR (if applicable)

Name, Title, and Clinical Site____________________________________________________
Address_______________________________________________________________________
City, State, Zip_________________________________________________________________
Telephone_____________________________________________________________________
Email ________________________________________________________________________

I have received the Preceptor Handbook and understand it is my responsibility to read and be responsible for the contents of the Preceptor Handbook and understand its contents.    

       No              Yes     (Circle One)

All practicum experiences are to be conducted in accordance with Title IX with regard to discrimination against any person on the basis on age, sex, race, or creed.

PRECEPTOR SIGNATURE________________________________________Date______________________

SMSU FACULTY
Name and Title______________________________________________________________________
Address_____________________________________________________________________________
City, State, Zip_______________________________________________________________________
Telephone___________________________________________________________________________
Email ______________________________________________________________________________

FACULTY SIGNATURE____________________________________Date_______________________

Course: Nursing NURS 450         Date: ___________________
Semester: _______________________________________________________________
Name of Preceptor: _______________________________________________________
Agency/Organization: _____________________________________________________
Name of Student: ________________________________________________________

Preceptor:
Please review this form with the student. It is the student’s responsibility to submit the completed form to the Faculty who assigns a final grade.. Without this form, the student cannot pass the course.

Please rate the student’s performance in each of the following areas on a scale of “1” to “10,” with “1” representing the lowest levels of performance and “10” the highest.

      Rating (1 to 10)
1.   Professional appearance/manner/demeanor ________
2.   Motivation (student objectives are met in experience)
Each student has created objectives for the clinical experience.
________
3.   Self-directed resourcefulness ________
4.   Value of the contributions to the Agency ________
5.   Reliability/adherence to promised schedules ________
6.   Demonstrate caring behaviors with a focus on the value of autonomy by respecting the patient’s right to self-determination
Student Learning Objective 1
________
7.   Demonstrate competence in critical thinking, communication assessment, and technical skills with population based clients and in nursing leadership roles
Student Learning Objective 2
________
8.   Perform developmentally appropriate public health interventions including health teaching, screening, referral, and follow-up
Student Learning Objective 3
________
9.   Adapt management/leadership skills to meet the needs of the population served in the preceptorship experience.
Student Learning Objective 4
________
10.   Overall Performance ________
Total number of Agency clinical hours completed: ________

Preceptor’s comments on particular areas of student growth and performance:

______________________________________________________________________________
Signature of Agency Preceptor                    Date

Student Comments:

______________________________________________________________________________
Signature of Student                            Date

DIRECTIONS:  Please evaluate your Preceptor(s) and Clinical Practicum experience by circling one letter or writing a short phrase.  For items 1-10 circle the letter that best describes your feelings using the following scale.
SA (Strongly agree)   A (Agree)   D (Disagree)   SD (Strongly disagree)   NA (Not applicable/Don’t Know)

1.    SA  A  D  SD  NA    My Preceptor demonstrated competence in the clinical area.
2.    SA  A  D  SD  NA    My Preceptor allowed me to be independent yet was available as needed.
3.    SA  A  D  SD  NA    My Preceptor facilitated learning so that I would get the best     experiences possible.
4.    SA  A  D  SD  NA    If my Preceptor was not available, a suitable substitute helped with my learning.
5.    SA  A  D  SD  NA     My Preceptor communicated well and frequently provided performance feedback.
6.    SA  A  D  SD  NA    If I had a question or concern, I felt comfortable asking my Preceptor for assistance.
7.    SA  A  D  SD  NA    My Preceptor provided a suitable orientation and helped me to feel comfortable.
8.    SA  A  D  SD  NA    My Preceptor demonstrated professional nursing.
9.    SA  A  D  SD  NA    My Preceptor had previous experience working with students.
10.    SA  A  D  SD  NA    The clinical site met or exceeded my expectations for learning experiences.
11.    The three most valuable things about the Directed Study experience were:
12.    I wish that….
13.    Describe the Preceptor’s ability to facilitate your learning:
14.    Would you recommend a similar experience to a prospective Directed Study student?
    a.    I highly recommend this preceptor and clinical site.
    b.    I recommend this preceptor and clinical site but suggest these changes:
    c.    I do not recommend this preceptor and clinical site.
15.    Overall, on a scale of 1 to 5 how would you rate this experience?  Please circle the appropriate number.
        Satisfactory     5   4   3   2   1   Unsatisfactory
16.    Other comments:
17.    Clinical site for your experience:
18.    Name of organization:
19.    Preceptor’s Name:

                                                                                                                   
Student’s Signature                        Date

Last Modified: 8/3/17 4:14 PM